By James F. Eder
For many of the 20 th century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have validated homesteads and new methods of existence on Palawan Island, a one-time woodland barren region. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and wealthy groups in response to in the community variable mixtures of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity offers an research of socioeconomic switch in a single Palawan settler neighborhood based in the course of the Forties. in accordance with distinct info on the degrees of neighborhood, family and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 simple issues: the advance of a post-frontier village economic system; loved ones concepts for survival and prosperity; and person targets as they relate to rules approximately social status and private worthy. those subject matters are attached into an built-in research of switch in the neighborhood throughout time and set in the context of wider alterations in society.
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Additional resources for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines
A more recent estimate of Palawan’s remaining forest cover is 54 percent, based on the Philippine-German forest inventory (Forest Management Bureau 1988), and informal estimates currently circulating in government offices in Palawan are on the order of 45 to 50 percent. Besides forest clearance by migrant lowlanders, the other principal cause of forest destruction in Palawan, as elsewhere in the Philippines, has been the relentless practice of destructive commercial logging (Broad and Cavanagh 1989; Clad and Vitug 1988; Porter and Ganapin 1988).
Further, while ecologically stable and economically productive upland farms are relatively uncommon in Palawan, the capabilities to establish such farms exist, embodied in the knowledge and aspirations that many lowland Developing Community, Developing Region 29 migrants bring to upland frontiers (for some case studies from Palawan, see Eder 1996; for comparative evidence from elsewhere in the Philippines, see Fujisaka 1986 and Olofson 1983, 1985). In short, farmers in Palawan’s uplands aim not only to stay put but to prosper, and if they fail in these endeavors it is more the result of market conditions and land tenure insecurity than of a cut-and-run mentality.
The average annual growth rates of individual mainland municipalities have in turn varied among themselves and over time. 28 percent annually during 1980–1990. In contrast, while Brooke’s Point also received a substantial number of the 1981–1988 migrants, it has long been a destination for settlers and is presently one of the largest municipalities on the mainland. 26 percent annually during 1980–1990. The greater Puerto Princesa City area, which includes San Jose and about forty other rural communities, has remained a major growth point down to the present and in 1995 included 129,577 persons.
A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines by James F. Eder