By William Edward Maxwell
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Extra resources for A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay
52 DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. Ini, this, these. Itu, that, those. The demonstrative pronouns, like adjectives, follow the as rumah ini, this house hari ini, this day, to-day aku ini, I myself; sakarang ini, this moment word to which they belong ; ; ; ; orang itu, that man or those men ; waktu itu, that time ; iya It is not unusual to hear ini and itu placed itu, that is to say. before the noun, but this is not idiomatic. PRONOUNS The INTERROGATIVE Siapa, who ? Apa, what 1 Mana, who are what f 1 Examples.
Number. The is plural, if not sufficiently often indicated sumua, sa-kali-an, made plain from the context, as baniah, many, by the use of such words and sagala, all. sometimes by repeating the noun as a king, raja-raja, kings; tuan, master, tuan-tuan, masters. As a general All nouns are not capable of this duplication. to nouns it to confined said be be rule, mainly expressing may It is also expressed raja, persons or animate objects. ; MANUAL OF THE MALAY LANGUAGE. 46 When is is nothing to show whether singular number remains indefinite, but may there meant, the or plural generally be assumed to be plural In such phrases as menembak burong, to shoot birds, mcmbSli hayam, to buy fowls, the substantives are clearly plural, though nothing marks them as such.
Its It should not be used use implies familiarity and equality. or natives, by natives addressing by Europeans addressing Europeans. Sahaya is the ordinary polite form used by Europeans in conversation with natives of all classes, and by natives of the class in addressing Europeans. ha ba tuan, and perhamba are used by persons of inferior rank when addressing superiors. Hamba, if used by upper Ha ba, a chief or native of high rank, implies a certain affectation of modesty. The use of incorrect to beta is confined to literary composition, employ the word colloquially.
A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay by William Edward Maxwell