By Jean-Jacques Lecercle
The aim of this booklet is to offer an exact aspiring to the formulation. English is the language of imperialism. realizing that assertion contains a critique of the dominant perspectives of language, either within the box of linguistics (the e-book has a bankruptcy criticising Chomsky's examine programme) and of the philosophy of language (the ebook has a bankruptcy assessing Habermas's philosophy of communicative action). The booklet goals at developing a Marxist philosophy of language, embodying a view of language as a social, ancient, fabric and political phenomenon. given that there hasn't ever been a robust culture of wondering language in Marxism, the booklet presents an outline of the query of Marxism in language (from Stalin's pamphlet to Volosinov e-book, taking in an essay through Pasolini), and it seeks to build a couple of options for a Marxist philosophy of language. The ebook belongs to the culture of Marxist critique of dominant ideologies. it's going to be quite valuable to people who, within the fields of language research, literature and verbal exchange reports, have determined that language isn't simply an device of verbal exchange.
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25) Is it for yourself? We see how the syntax of the reﬂexive pronoun, supposedly inscribed in the genetic inheritance or the neuronal circuits, no longer applies: the ‘yourself’ has no antecedent. Its presence in fact obeys a pragmatic maxim of politeness, of the type: ‘prioritise the conversational interests of your interlocutor’. We can draw three conclusions from these examples and counter-examples: the rules of grammar are maxims, not laws of nature; they are speciﬁc to a language, not universal (French, for example, does not possess the honoriﬁc use of the reﬂexive); they are subject to historical evolution (according to a temporal layering: syntax develops more slowly than vocabulary), not ﬁxed once and for all by an evolutionary leap.
He detects in Monod two contradictory impulses: a materialist tendency, which leads him to afﬁrm the materiality of the object of biology against vitalists and to criticise ﬁnalism, counter-posing to it the concept of emergence; and a spiritualist tendency, centred on the notion of ‘noosphere’ taken from Teilhard de Chardin, and based on a thesis that is not irrelevant to us: ‘language created man’. Althusser analyses this thesis as a philosophical thesis which, instead of separating mechanism and spiritualism, combines them: When he believes himself to be materialist, by giving as the biophysiological basis of what he calls the ‘noosphere’ – that is to say, the social and historical existence of the human species – the emergence of the neurobiological support of language, he is not a materialist, but .
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A Marxist Philosophy of Language by Jean-Jacques Lecercle