By Morton S. Freeman
Do you approve of censoring the works of serious writers? a few may contend that to bowdlerize an outstanding writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, could argue that every one modest humans may be in a position to learn a good paintings with no blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and thanks to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has turn into eponymous together with his identify. however, the note bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing swimsuit for women--has been a linguistic secret because 1947 whilst those fits have been first obvious at the shores of the French Riviera, a 12 months after the us all started checking out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few surprised humans stated that the impression of the scanty go well with on male seashore loungers used to be just like the devastating impact of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! a less complicated and extra credible thought is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn through ladies at the Bikini atoll. Created a couple of century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened which means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a observe derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a well known diner menu merchandise made out of universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English health professional who promoted a vitamin of flooring pork. A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of hundreds and hundreds of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an enjoyable and anecdotal type, and with a foreword via Edwin Newman, the booklet encompasses a short biography of the person whose identify grew to become linked to an merchandise or idea in addition to details on how and whilst the identify entered the language.If you have ever questioned simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robotic come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to lifestyles.
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Additional resources for A New Dictionary of Eponyms (Oxford Paperback Reference)
One of the most famous comes from the eponym of a man not quite so famous—Count Paul Stroganoff, a nineteenth-century Russian diplomat. He favored thinly, sliced beef fillets sauteed and served with mushrooms and sour cream. Another recipe calls for the beef to be cooked with onions and in a sauce of consomme. " But the dish Beef Stroganoff continues on the menus of some of America's finest restaurants. Beef Wellington is a particularly favorite preparation. It not only honors the "Iron Duke," Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington, but also is a gustatory delight of beef eaters.
He was such a strict disciplinarian that he imposed rules for all kinds of conduct and, martinet that he was, demanded rigid field drills. He often punished his soldiers with imprisonment and once had a soldier 42 flogged in front of the soldier's regiment. In his first two years as a commissioned officer, he made 700 arrests and held 105 courts-martial. He was, as one might imagine, thoroughly despised by his troops and the English people. He had to avoid stones thrown at him when he attended theater in London and needed police protection just to walk on the streets.
Life became unbearable, so miserable, that Boycott finally gave up and fled to England. Thus Boycott was responsible for the first boycott. People came to call this action a boycott, which became a very powerful term, especially when used by unions against employers regarded as unfair. A refusal to do business with the employer was called a primary boycott. Influencing other people to join the boycott was termed a secondary boycott. However, this latter maneuver was declared illegal by Federal United States courts.
A New Dictionary of Eponyms (Oxford Paperback Reference) by Morton S. Freeman