By Arnold Hughes, David Perfect
A Political heritage of The Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st whole account of the political background of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian respectable and personal documentary resources, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the ebook charts the origins and features of recent politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after global struggle II. via independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital have been defeated through a brand new, rural-based political agency, the People's innovative social gathering (PPP). the second one a part of the ebook analyzes the skill during which the PPP, less than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either latest and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The e-book closes with an evidence of the death of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The e-book not just establishes these specific facets of Gambian political heritage, but in addition relates those to the broader nearby and African context, throughout the colonial and independence classes.
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Extra info for A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
Over the next two decades, the Aku population increasingly shifted from Banjul to Kanifing, although even in 1983, 48 percent of the Aku still lived in the capital. In 1993, 57 percent of the Aku population lived in Kanifing and only 30 percent in Banjul. 60 Gradually, however, Liberated Africans and their descendants became better educated. 61 During the next fifty years, the Aku strengthened their position in the civil service and also supplied most African merchants and professionals. , those of Yoruba origin) and almost all Ibo living in The Gambia were Christian.
The few Mandinka who lived in Bathurst before the 1960s tended to be poorly educated and employed in semiskilled and unskilled jobs. 22 Most Mandinka were animist until at least the 1860s, but, following the SoninkeMarabout Wars, many had converted to Islam by the 1890s and virtually all had done so by the 1920s. 26 During the next fifty years, the estimated Fula population fluctuated, but by 1963, the Fula and the Tukulor between them comprised 15 percent of the total population. 7). In 1963, well over half the Fula population lived either in Basse or in Georgetown LGAs, whereas 86 percent of the Tukulor lived in Kuntaur; 96 percent of their combined population lived in the Protectorate.
Population of Bathurst/Banjul by Religious Belief, 1881–1993 1881 1901 1 1911 1921 1931 3,078 3,229 3,288 3,948 Christian Anglican 751 n/a n/a n/a Methodist n/a n/a n/a n/a Roman Catholic n/a n/a n/a n/a Muslim 1,894 4,1922 3,957 4,928 Traditional 1,166 1,3862 455 351 Total 6,138 8,807 4,681 1,119 1,477 2,064 9,291 398 1944 1951 1983 1993 4,995 5,172 4,590 3,026 1,030 1,074 n/a n/a 1,479 1,695 n/a n/a 2,486 2,383 n/a n/a 15,866 14,219 38,932 38,662 291 211 22 9 7,700 9,227 14,370 21,152 19,602 44,1883 42,3263 1 Includes other Christians, who were not separately identified.
A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora) by Arnold Hughes, David Perfect