By Christopher Hamlin
A technology of Impurity is the 1st particular historical past of the mobilization of chemistry (and later bacteriology) to fulfill the general public call for for sturdy water. It additionally deals a viewpoint on knowing how sleek actual sciences are tapped to make sure public reliable.
A technological know-how of Impurity explores the social framework within which chemists got here to paintings on difficulties of water caliber, the thoughts they used to review the surroundings, their conclusions and their function in facing a anxious public.
For historians of technology, researchers and planners within the water undefined.
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Additional info for A Science of Impurity: Water Analysis in Nineteenth Century Britain
Of Materia Medica. Supplement, 1871, pp 205-13. 44 Bergman, 'Of the Analysis of Waters,' p 109; Meredith Gairdner, Essay on Mineral and Thermal Springs, p 64. v. water, p 44. v. mineral waters; Coley, 'Physicians and the Chemical Analysis of Mineral Waters,' pp 131, 139; John Rutty, An Essay towards a Natural, Experimental, and Medical History of the Mineral Waters of Ireland, p x. 47 Uno Boklund, 'Torbern Bergman as Pioneer in Mineral Waters,' pp 122-4; Partington, A History of Chemistry, III, pp 123-4; Eklund, 'Chemical Analysis,' pp 268-70; Guitard, Prestigieux Passé, pp 108-9; Saunders, Treatise, pp xivxv, 23.
64 Murray, 'General Formula,' p 95. 65 Murray, 'An Analysis of the Mineral Waters of Dunblane and Pitcaithly,' p 358. v. water, v 38; 'On Mineral Waters, Natural and Artificial,' Lancet 1828, ii, pp 2512; Gairdner, Essay, pp 63, 70-3. An anonymous annotator noted in the margin of Edwin Godden Jones' article 'Chemical Analysis of the Mineral Waters of Spa' (Trans. Medico-Chirurgical Assn. 7 pt 1  69, Michigan State University Library copy) that Murray's approach had finally resolved the inconsistency between medical effects and composition.
Third, the analyst was to present the acids and bases combined as they would < previous page page_35 next page > < previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 be in a conventional evaporative analysis, with strongest acids combined with strongest bases. This would allow comparison with other analyses. Thus in Murray's view the first presentation represented factall that was scientifically warranted; the second, truth (though it could never be shown to be true); while the third was an heuristic device for communication with other analysts.
A Science of Impurity: Water Analysis in Nineteenth Century Britain by Christopher Hamlin