By R. Anthony Lodge
Paris turned the biggest urban within the Western global throughout the 13th century, and has remained influential ever seeing that. This e-book examines the interlinked heritage of Parisian speech and the Parisian inhabitants via a variety of levels of immigration, dialect-mixing and social stratification from the center a long time to the current. It unearths how new city modes of speech built in periods of growth, how the city's elites sought to differentiate their language from that of the hundreds, and the way a working-class vernacular finally emerged with its personal "slang" vocabulary.
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Extra resources for A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French
However, we cannot often be sure how far features found in such material were speciﬁcally Parisian, or how far they were widespread across France at the time of colonisation. 3 The modern period Literary texts continue to be a rich source of sociolinguistic information in the nineteenth century. While an academic tradition perpetuated the literary practices of the classical period, Romanticism encouraged the use of vernacular forms in literature. H. Monnier exploited the resources of everyday Parisian speech in his Sc`enes populaires (1835) and he was quickly followed by Victor Hugo.
Some styles and varieties may therefore be over-represented in the data, while others are under-represented. For some periods of time there may be a great deal of surviving information: for others there may be little or none at all. Furthermore, no part of this data-base is made up of anything approaching ‘authentic speech’. As soon as we come near the vernacular, it slips away, leaving only the faintest traces of its passage. All our data-sources are at varying degrees of indirectness. The least indirect are perhaps those where writers, for one reason or another, have operated without the constraint of a written standard and have allowed vernacularisms to slip unwittingly into their writing.
The period that followed witnessed the disintegration of the urban network of Antiquity and the widespread desertion of towns in favour of the countryside, with Paris conforming to the general pattern of urban decline. Planhol (1994: 252) believes that after the reign of Dagobert (seventh century), under the later Merovingians and Carolingians, ‘the town slipped into a dormant state which lasted for close on four centuries’. The political and institutional role of Paris diminished as the seat of government became peripatetic.
A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French by R. Anthony Lodge